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ac6 >> ac6-formation >> Processeurs ARM >> NXP ARM SoCs >> i.MX51 Implementation + LTIB Télécharger le catalogue Télécharger la page Ecrivez nous Version imprimable

FA3 i.MX51 Implementation + LTIB

This course describes the i.MX51 multimedia processor and Linux Target Image Builder tool

formateur
Course objectives
  • The course details the hardware implementation of the MCIMX51 microcontroller.
  • The course focuses on the boot sequence, the clocking and the power management strategies.
  • The course explains all parameters that affect the performance of the system in order to easily perform the final tuning.
  • The multiple complex units involved in multimedia stream management are covered in depth.
  • An overview of the Cortex-A8 core helps to understand issues caused by cache and MMU.
  • The course ends with practical labs explaining how to generate a Linux image as well as a Root File System, by using a tool called LTIB [Linux Target Image Builder]

  • Products and services offered by ACSYS:
    • ACSYS has developed FFTs (floating-point and fixed-point) optimized for ARM cores, based on SIMD instructions supported by the Cortex-A8.
    • Contact formation@ac6-formation.com to obtain informations about the performance of these FFTs.
    • ACSYS is able to assist the customer by providing consultancies. Typical expertises are done during board bringup, hardware schematics review, software debugging, performance tuning.
    • ACSYS has also an expertise in programming the SDMA, a simple OS-agnostic driver has been developed to explain how to manage scripts.
Program examples have been developed by ACSYS to explain the boot sequence and the operation of complex peripherals.
•  They are compiled by the GNU compiler and are executed under Lauterbach debugger.
•  A host desktop running Linux is used to generate Linux image and Root File System during labs on LTIB.
A more detailed course description is available on request at formation@ac6-formation.com

Related courses

Cours IP2 - USB 2.0Cours RA1 - Cortex-A8 implementationCours RC1 - NEON programmingCours D1L - Linux embarqué NXP avec LTIBCours IS2 - eMMC 5.0Cours N1 - Ethernet and switching
Prerequisites
  • Knowledge of ARM architecture is recommended
  • Knowledge of Linux basics is recommended
Documentation
  • Training manuals will be given to attendees during training both in pdf and in print. Precise and easy to use, those notes can be used as a reference afterwards.

Architecture of MCIMX51
  • Clarifying the internal data paths : AXI interconnect, AHB bus, peripheral buses
  • Highlighting the purpose of the 2 central interconnect units : MAX and M4IF
  • Organization of a board based on MCIMX51
  • Mapping
The ARM Cortex/A8 Core - Overview
  • Operating modes : user, system, super, IRQ, FIQ, undef and abort
  • ARM vs Thumb-2 instruction sets, interworking
  • Access to memory-mapped locations, addressing modes
  • Stack management
  • Branch instructions, implementation of C call and return statements
  • Level1 cache operation
  • Level2 cache operation
  • Memory management unit, TLB
  • C-to-Assembly interface
  • Exception mechanism, handler table
Reset and Clocking
  • Clock distribution
  • DVFS support
  • Power Gating Controller
  • Low power modes, wake-up detector
  • Global reset vs warm reset
  • System boot mode selection
  • eFUSE configuration
System Control
  • GPIO module
  • General Purpose Input interrupt request capability
The Cortex/A8 Platform
  • MAX parameterizing
  • ARM Vector Interrupt Controller
  • Integrated timers EPIT, GPT, WDT
Debug Architecture
  • Introduction to CoreSight, DAP features
  • System Secure Controller SJC
  • Embedded Trace Macrocell
  • Cross Triggering Interfaces
Smart DMA Controller
  • Mapping DMA requests to channels
  • Channel priority definition
  • Scheduler
  • Instruction description
  • PCU states
  • Context switching
  • Reference clocks and low power modes
  • Debug support
  • Profiling unit
Accessing External Memories
  • Description of the Master Arbitration and Buffering [MAB] unit
  • Description of the M4IF arbitration [M3A] unit
  • Introduction to DDR2/LPDDR SDRAM
  • Enhanced DDR2 SDRAM controller
  • NAND flash controller, boot from flash
System Security
  • Security Controller
    • Protecting information and data from unauthorized access
    • A dedicated AES cryptographic engine
    • High Assurance Boot
  • SAHARA4 security coprocessor
    • Random number generator
    • Encryption / decryption sequences
    • Restricted access to potentially sensitive information
    • ARM TrustZone support
  • Run-Time Integrity Checker
    • SHA-1 and SHA-256 message authentication
    • Segmented data gathering
    • One-time hash mode vs continuous hash mode
  • IC Identification Module
Standard Parrallel Interfaces
  • ATA controller
    • Pinout
    • PIO mode
    • Ultra DMA mode
  • Enhanced SDHC
    • Interface to SD, MMC, SDIO and CE-ATA cards
    • Transfer protocol, single block, multiple block read and write
    • Internal and external DMA capabilities
    • Error management
Video Processing Units
  • Video Processing Unit
    • Codec hardware
    • Encoding pipeline
    • Video Codec processing buffer requirement
  • Image Processing Unit v3
    • Video acquisition
    • Image Signal Processor, processing captured images
    • Processing chain description
    • Display processor, processing chain
    • Video de-interlacer
    • Image converter
    • Image rotator
    • Display port
  • Graphics Processing Unit 2D
    • 2D bitmap graphics
    • Vector graphics
    • Connection to DMA controller
  • Graphics Processing Unit 3D
    • Sophisticated shader support
    • Graphics core
    • Graphics memory
    • Pixel blender
    • Integrated MMU
  • TV encoder
    • Supported TV standards, SD/HD modes
    • TV signal processor
    • Cable detection circuit
Audio Related Interfaces
  • SSI interfaces
    • Connection of Codecs or DSPs
    • I2S mode
    • AC97 support
  • Digital audio multiplexor
    • Connecting host interfaces to peripheral interfaces
    • Internal network mode
  • SPDIF transmitter
    • Selecting the clock
    • Transmit FIFO operation
Communication Controllers
  • 1-wire interface
  • Configurable SPI, enhanced CSPI
    • SPI protocol basics
    • Transfer sequence
  • High Speed I2C and I2C interfaces
    • I2C protocol basics
    • Transfer sequence
  • Fast Infrared Interface [FIRI]
    • MIR packet structure, MIR modulation
    • FIR packet structure, FIR modulation
  • UART
    • Individual baud rate generators
    • Flow control
  • USB
    • Explaining what is OTG
    • The 3 USB ports
    • High-speed operation
    • EHCI support
    • ULPI bypass mode
  • Fast Ethernet Controller [FEC]
    • Ethernet basics
    • Incoming frame filtering mechanisms, hash tables
    • Flow control in Full Duplex mode
    • VLAN support
  • SIM
    • Introduction to IEC / ISO 7816
    • Transferring packets
Generating the Linux Kernel Image
  • Introducing the tools required to generate the kernel image
  • What is required on the host before installing LTIB
  • Common package selection screen
  • Common target system configuration screen
  • Building a complete BSP with the default configurations
  • Creating a Root File Systems image
  • Re-configuring the kernel under LTIB
  • Selecting user-space packages
  • Setup the bootloader arguments to use the exported RFS
  • Debugging Uboot and the kernel by using Trace32
  • Command line options
  • Adding a new package
  • Other deployment methods
  • Creating a new package and integrating it into LTIB
Exercise :  Several labs will help explain the usage of LTIB